p5.js: Getting Started

Getting started with p5.js, this article follows the instructions found here:
https://p5js.org/get-started/

Where processing.py only allows interaction in the Processing code environment, p5.js allows for real time interactive experiences on the web. This article is similar to the previous article I wrote about getting started with Processing.py:

Processing.py: Getting Started

In the Processing IDE, choose the p5.js option at the right. For example:

There are some syntactical differences between p5.js and regular Processing to make note of:

  • size() has been replaced with createCanvas()
  • mousePressed has been replaced with mouseIsPressed

Other differences are described here:
https://github.com/processing/p5.js/wiki/Processing-transition

The first project I completed with p5.js is the interactive circle_canvas project, which looks like this:

With p5.js projects, the Processing IDE provides two tabs, one for the code and one for the HTML needed to view the project on the web. The index.html file is created and updated automatically depending on name given to the project.

Here is the code for the circle_canvas project:

var w = 640;
var h = 400;
x = -50;  // Initial position off screen
y = -50;  // Initial position off screen

function setup() {
  createCanvas(w, h);
  background("#DDEACC")
}

function draw() {
  if (mouseIsPressed) {
    fill("#8BB25A");
  } else {
    fill("#F0FFDE");
  }
  // Use conditional to hide the initial circle off screen
  if (mouseX) {
    ellipse(mouseX, mouseY, 40, 40);
  } else {
    // hide off screen
    ellipse(x, y, 40, 40);
  }
}

And here is the resulting index.html file that is automatically generated:

<html>
<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">

  <!-- PLEASE NO CHANGES BELOW THIS LINE (UNTIL I SAY SO) -->
  <script language="javascript" type="text/javascript" src="libraries/p5.js"></script>
  <script language="javascript" type="text/javascript" src="circle_canvas1.js"></script>
  <!-- OK, YOU CAN MAKE CHANGES BELOW THIS LINE AGAIN -->

  <!-- This line removes any default padding and style. 
       You might only need one of these values set. -->
  <style> body {padding: 0; margin: 0;} </style>
</head>

<body>
</body>
</html>

Here is the interactive canvas for this project:


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